Louise Bourgeois: fuelled by emotions

Louise Bourgeois: fuelled by emotions

Born in 1911 in Paris, Louise Bourgeois is recognized as a major figure in 20th-century contemporary art.

Coming from a family of restorers of old tapestries, she learned about manual arts at a young age by working in her parents' workshop. As a child, she discovered her father's adulterous affair with her governess. Which traumatizes her, but which will later be transformed into a source of inspiration.



It was in 1938, upon arriving in New York, that she launched her career. Drawings, engravings, sculptures, installations, dens, and cells, she uses materials such as wood, found objects, plaster, latex, marble, bronze, textiles …

Her works, composed of monumental spiders, house women, and phallic elements, question motherhood, femininity, and domestic space.



Her personal life and her emotions are placed at the center of her art. Her work represents therapy.

In 1970, the theme of sexuality, motherhood, the body's femininity, and anatomy became ubiquitous. Her sculptures are both incisive and disturbing with a certain erotic charge, a way of arousing emotion, but also a force for restoring the traumas of her childhood.



According to her: "Art is a guarantee of sanity." "If you don't want to bring yourself to let go of the past, then you have to recreate it."

Louise Bourgeois has shaken up the art world and continues to influence generations of artists. An unclassifiable artist, originally associated with surrealism, she is a pioneer of organic art, seeking to create desires and emotions.


Photos credits:

Photo 1: Louise Bourgeois in her Brooklyn studio (1993). Photo: Vera Isler, The Easton Foundation/VAGA, Artnet.

Photo 2: "Mother" Louise Bourgeois, 1999, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa.

Photo 3: ”Ste Sébastienne”, Louise Bourgeois, 1998, The Easton Foundation. Photo: Christopher Burke, Artsy

Photo 4: Louise Bourgeois. Photo: Hazan, National Gallery of Canada